#1 How are dark web sites built? von mutaldelicate 12.01.2021 12:17

The Dark Web is an important part of the Internet ecosystem. It allows for the publication of websites and the dissemination of information without revealing the publisher's identity or location. The Dark Web is only accessible through services such as Tor. Many users use Tor and similar services as a means to provide freedom of expression and association, access to information, and the right to privacy.
Many Internet users use encryption – for example, Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) – to keep Internet activities private. VPN connections typically abide by the conventional behavior of Internet routing for (1) the determination of an end-to-end path from a user's computer to a server that hosts content that the user wants to access, and (2) the bidirectional transmission of requests and response traffic along this path. Conventional routing, however, is susceptible to traffic analysis, a surveillance technique that can reveal traffic origins, destinations and times of transmission to third parties. Traffic analysis is related to metadata collection, a topic we've covered in an earlier post.
Tor networks are popular solutions for maintaining anonymity and privacy and for defeating traffic analysis. Who uses Tor? Journalists, whistleblowers, dissidents, or generally any Internet users who do not want third parties to track their behavior or interests. Tor serves many good purposes, but also attracts Dark Web users wanting to keep their activities or marketplaces secret and untraceable.

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